Immediately Open Dialogue for Papua – The Government should evaluate the existence of the Indonesian National Army and the Republic of Indonesia National Police in Papua. The massive number of defense and security personnel has proven unsuccessful in creating peace in the region.
Violence in Papua shows no signs of ending. From February 28 to March 9, there were three shootouts in Mimika Regency, Papua. One police officer and one soldier were killed in the incident. More than 1,500 Tembagapura residents, Mimika, fled to Timika Regency. On March 12, armed groups burned a church in Tembagapura, which had been their hideout. In Nduga Regency, around 250 residents have died as a result of the conflict from December 2018 to February.
The government is determined to maintain the presence of joint personnel in Papua. Coordi Security Mahfud Md. said the Joko Widodo government would not withdraw around 5,000 police and soldiers in the region. Mahfud said the withdrawal of troops would destroy Papua.
The Jokowi regime chose to continue to recycle violence in Papua. The presence of police and army in large numbers, accompanied by repressive actions against the local population, became one of the root of the problem which was never finished. Moreover, the government continues to ignore human rights violations by state officials. The Attorney General’s Office in early March decided to return the results of the National Commission on Human Rights investigation into the alleged gross human rights violations in Paniai that killed four residents in December 2014.
Jokowi’s “welfare approach” is not an effective solution. President since 2014 dozens of times visited Papua. He also built the Trans Papua Road to connect various cities. In addition, he made a “sea toll” -ships transportation to facilitate logistics transportation to the region. But these efforts have not shown results. Last year the economic growth there was even minus 15.72 percent. Kartu Poker
Jokowi’s government has also not been able to create a good and transparent government system in Papua. Special autonomy funds for Papua have been misused. As a result, the use of funds of Rp 94.24 trillion since 2002 does not look effective.
The government should immediately open a dialogue with various components of society in Papua. But dialogue can only take place if the government reduces the presence of police and army in the region. Jokowi could learn from the government of Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono-Jusuf Kalla who succeeded in resolving the conflict in Aceh in 2005. The government at that time put forward a dialogue with the Free Aceh Movement and succeeded in reaching a peace agreement – although, it needs to be said, peace was quickly achieved after the tsunami struck the province in end of 2004.
President Jokowi needs to form a special work unit to address various problems in Papua. Filled with professionals and involving Papuans, this team can design a peace road map in the region. Including finding solutions to stop and resolve various human rights violations.
It is time for Jokowi to show his seriousness in overcoming the humanitarian crisis in Papua. He can start by giving a sense of justice to the people of Papua through the completion of various human rights cases. Ignoring human rights crimes in Papua will keep Indonesia’s position in the spotlight worldwide.